WHITE SPRUCE HYDROSOL
The quality of a HYDROSOL
The quality of a hydrosol depends on the plant and the soil in which the plant grew. It also depends on the quality of the air, the climatic conditions during the growth of the plant, the precise time chosen to collect the plant, the waiting time before distillation and, of course, the quality of the water.
BoreA Canada is able to meet all these quality criteria thanks to its very favourable geographical location, in the heart of the wild boreal forest, far from homes and pollution and where the water, land and air are pure.
Latin Name: Picea glauca
French Name: Épinette Blanche
English Name: White Spruce
Origin: Quebec, Canada
Harvest time: May to October
Distilled Part: Twigs and needles
White Spruce, Picea glauca (glauca: bluish or greenish grey). This tree covers almost all of Canada’s forested territory, with the exception of the Pacific Coast. It is one of the most important species for the pulp, paper and lumber industries. It is used among other things for building materials and for the manufacture of packing boxes, pallets and plywood. Its acoustical qualities in make it a good material for use in the manufacture of violins, pianos and guitars.
Its size can reach up to about 30 meters high and 5 meters wide. Its shape is usually pyramidal, with a conical crown. Its horizontal or descending branches wear greenish, very fragrant bluish needles and when crushed smell of camphor. The White Spruce’s cones are light brown and measure 4 to 6 cm long. The tree’s bark is light grey, thin and smooth, but becomes scaly and dark grey over time. White Spruce is notable for its adaptability to rocky terrain where the organic layer is very thin. It is particularly well adapted to loamy, moist or well-drained soils. The oldest specimens can live up to 200 years.
In the context of climate change, an increase in temperature and precipitation in the North would stimulate the reproduction of White Spruce.
White Spruce provides food and shelter to several wildlife species. Its abundant seeds are an important source of food for birds and small mammals. Every two years to six years, the White Spruce produces an abundant harvest of cones that generate more seeds than can be consumed by the local animals, which promotes the reproduction of this essential tree.
The White Spruce has always had a privileged place in Native American communities. All parts of this tree were used for different daily needs. This conifer has many therapeutic properties. A decoction of bark, needles or resin can help in cases of respiratory tract infections. First Nations peoples prepared a poultice with the inside of the bark cooked and crushed to heal wounds, cuts and reduce swelling. The resin was used as a laxative. As for the rotten wood, it was dried and reduced to fine powder in order to relieve skin rashes. In addition, shamans brushed people with the tops of these trees to rid them of their ills.
Alongside its medicinal use, the White Spruce was highly appreciated for the manufacture and maintenance of utilitarian objects. Its lightness and resistance made it a preferred wood for the manufacture of tents, canoes, paddles, shovels, etc. Rootlets were used for baskets, snowshoes, fishing lines and also to sew the bark of the Birch tree onto the frame of canoes.
Facts to note: White Spruce resin is the oldest form of “chewing gum” and “spruce beer” is made with its needles and cones.
Recommendations: Essential oils and hydrosols are wonderful for the well-being of humans, animals, insects and plants. There are many books on the subject of aromatherapy and they should be referred to for the proper and safe use of essential oils and hydrosols. We also recommend that you consult an aromatherapy professional, who will be able to target the aromatic molecules of essential oils or hydrosols and their biochemical groupings, thereby increasing the effectiveness of your care.
The information provided on this website does NOT in any way constitute a recommendation for the care or treatment of any particular medical condition or disease.
We do not add any preservatives to our hydrosols, so they should be stored in a cool, dry place, away from light and air, in order to keep them for 1 to 3 years.
Ontario Ministry of natural wealth: http://www.lrconline.com/Extension_Notes_French/pdf_F/wht_sprce_F. PDF